Economic Indicators

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  • المؤشرات المحدثة
  • المؤشرات السنوية
    • Indicators of economic growthIndicators of economic growth
    • Social and demographic indicatorsSocial and demographic indicators
    • International trade and investment status indicatorsInternational trade and investment status indicators
    • Financial IndicatorsFinancial Indicators
    • Monetary Sector IndicatorsMonetary Sector Indicators
    • Oil IndicatorsOil Indicators
    Indicator Name
    Inflation (Annual percentage change)3.8%2.9%3.5%2.2%1.3%2%-0.9%2.5%
    Gross domestic product (Current prices) (SAR Billion)2,5172,7602,8002,8362,4542,4192,5822934
    Gross domestic product (Current prices) (Annual percentage change)27.1%9.6%1.5%1.3%-13.5%-1.4%6.8%13.6%
    Non-oil government sector real GDP (Annual percentage change)8.4%5.3%5.1%3.7%2.7%0.6%0.7%2.8%
    Non-oil private sector real GDP (Annual percentage change)8.1%5.6%7.0%5.4%3.4%0.1%1.5%1.7%
    Oil sector real GDP (Annual percentage change)12.2%5.1%-1.6%2.1%5.3%3.6%-3.1%2.8%
    Real GDP (Annual percentage change)10.0%5.4%2.7%3.7%4.1%1.7%-0.7%2.2%
    Indicator Name
    Females (%)33.4%35.7%33.2%32.8%33.8%34.5%31.0%32.5%
    Males (%)7.4%6.1%6.1%5.9%5.3%5.9%7.5%6.6%
    Saudis (million)19.419.819.219.319.720.120.420.8
    Non-Saudis (million)9.09.410.210.711.211.712.212.6
    Population (million)28.429.229.430.030.931.832.633.4
    GDP Per Capita (SAR)88,705.794,530.695,300.093,484.979,425.576,083.479,177.387,817.8
    Unemployment rate of Saudis over age 15 (%)12.4%12.1%11.7%11.7%11.5%12.3%12.8%12.7%
    Indicator Name
    Total foreign assets (SAR Billion) 3,090 3,5103,8554,0103,7313,5233,6993,998
    Total foreign liabilities (SAR Billion) 895 9429931,0411,1441,2831,3611,488
    Reserve assets (SAR Billion) 2,040 2,4622,7212,7462,3122,0091,8621,862
    Net international investment position (% of GDP) 87 %93%102%105%105%93%91%86%
    Net international investment position (SAR Billion) 2,195 2,5682,8622,9682,5872,2402,3392,510
    Total Merchandise exports (SAR Billion) 1,368 1,4561,4101,2847636898321105
    Net FDI inflows (SAR Billion) 61 4633303128512
    Financial Account Balance Excluding Reserve Assets (SAR Billion) 54 24215215161-40176247
    Oil exports (SAR Billion) 1,191 1,2651,2071,067573511638868
    Non-oil Merchandise exports (SAR Billion)177191203217190178194236
    Merchandise Trade Balance (SAR Billion) 918 925835690166209369639
    Merchandise Imports (SAR Billion) 450 532575594597479463465
    Current Account Balance (% of GDP) 24 %22%18%10%-9%-4%2%9%
    Current Account Balance (SAR Billion) 595 618508277-213-8939271
    Services account balance (SAR Billion)-249-234-243-330-276-199-227-256
    Balance of income and transfers (SAR Billion)-74-73-84-83-103-100-103-112
    Indicator Name
    Total Government Deposits with SAMA (% of GDP)42.4%50.2%53.0%48.6%41.7%30.2%24.8%19.2%
    Total Government Deposits with SAMA (Current Account + General Reserve) (SAR Billion)1,0671,3841,4841,3791,023731641562
    Oil revenue (SAR Billion)1,0341,1451,035913446334436607
    Non-oil revenue (SAR Billion)83102118127166186256287
    Total revenue (SAR Billion) 1,118 1,2471,1531,040613519692895
    Gross Public Debt (% of GDP)5.4%3.0%2.1%1.6%4.9%13.1%17.2%19.1%
    Gross Public Debt (SAR Billion)135846044121317443560
    Fiscal Surplus / Deficit (% of GDP)11.6%11.9%5.6%-3.5%-15.8%-12.9%-9.2%-4.6%
    Fiscal Surplus/Deficit (SAR Billion)291329158-100-389-311-238-136
    Current expenditure (SAR Billion)584713732821791696722825
    Capital expenditure (SAR Billion)243204263319210134208205
    Total expenditure (SAR Billion)8279179951,1411,0018319301,030
    Indicator Name
    Total deposits (Annual percentage change)12.1%14.2%11.2%12.4%1.9%0.8%0.1%2.6%
    Lending to the private sector (Annual percentage change)10.6%16.4%12.5%11.8%9.2%2.4%-0.8%3.0%
    Lending to the public sector (Annual percentage change)-15.7%3.4%14.2%5.5%26.3%82.0%32.4%16.9%
    SAMA's base lending rate (Annual average, %)0.3%0.3%0.3%0.3%0.5%0.8%1.5%2.5%
    Money Supply (M3) (Annual percentage change)13.3%13.9%10.9%11.9%2.5%0.8%0.2%2.8%
    Indicator Name
    Production (million barrels / day) 9.3 9.89.69.710.210.510.010.3
    Brent crude (Annual average, $ / barrel) 111 1121099952445471